Atlanti https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti <p><strong>Atlanti</strong>&nbsp;(ISSN 1318-0134, E-ISSN&nbsp;2670-451X) is an international review for modern archival theory and practice. It is published by the International Institute for Archival Science of Trieste and Maribor and co-published by Alma Mater Europaea. It has an international editorial board and publishes original research, scientific and professional articles and discussions of archival issues and records management. Atlanti have been published since 1991. It is published once a year in two volumes. The issues are thematic and&nbsp;devoted to the problems in the field of archival science.</p> en-US peter.klasinc@almamater.si (dr. Peter Pavel Klasinc) uros.kugl@almamater.si (Uroš Kugl) Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time OJS 3.1.1.1 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 ARCHIVAL SCIENCE IN STORMS https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/313 <p>In this paper the author present views on the possibilities of coexistence between the rapid development of the information society and the archival theory and practice, or archival science, which today is defined as independent, academic, interdisciplinary and multidisciplinary science. The paper deals with the definitions of archivistics and draw attention to extensive literature, and in some segments it also touches on definitions available on web portals, social media, etc. Today, archivists are facing questions that will need to be answered; how should we respond in this day-to-day storm that bumps us from digitalization, GDPR, blockchain, artificial intelligence and maybe more. At the end it mentions the fact that archivism will only develop if it has a quality academically qualified staff, which should provide such a study program in the course of full-time, independent study of archivists, so that graduates will be able to handle all archival professional, technical and scientific research areas. Archival founding countries must also provide funding for the education of archivists at all three levels. Only with a Bachelor of Archivists, Masters of Archival and Documentation and Doctor of Archival Sciences degree archival science will be developed in the same way as other sciences.</p> Peter Pavel Klasinc ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/313 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time INFLUENCE OF MODERN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES ON THE VIEWS ON THE BASIC OBJECT OF ARCHIVAL SCIENCE https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/314 <p>The article is devoted to the problem of determining the main object of archival science. The traditional object of archival science is an archival document. However, under the influence of modern information technologies, the types of documents, their content have significantly changed. In this regard, some archivists believe that the main object of archival research is not a document, but information. When examining the identified problem, the author concludes that the archival document remains the main object of archival science. This is due to its ability to serve as an evidence, confirmation, as well as the presence of attributes, allowing to identify the author, the time and place of recording information on the media.</p> Andrei Rybakou ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/314 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time ACCESS TO ARCHIVES, ACCESS TO KNOWLEDGE https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/315 <p>Viewed upon as repositories of “original” materials, the concept of authenticity permeates the very meaning of archives. The aim of the following report is to present a set of research methods and techniques that historians use when embarking on a quest for original archival documents and, inevitably, a number of dilemmas connected with the (in)accessibility of sources. How important (and informing) is the archive’s role in the historians’ production of knowledge? Does professionalism of archivists influence profoundly the outcome of the researcher’s agenda and, at the same time, help mould further awareness of relevant archival material dispersed across collections and beyond national borders? Archivists play a significant part not only in creating information to produce social and historical knowledge but also in reconstituting social memories that never should never fade.</p> Pavlina Bobič ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/315 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL CHANGES ON THE STATUS POSITION OF THE ARCHIVES AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE ARCHIVAL ACTIVITY OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA (1990-2018) https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/316 <p>Social changes in which the erosion of one party socialism and the introduction of a multiparty pluralist system of power affected the entire ex-Yugoslav territory in 1990. They have fought in the complex circumstances of national conflicts between the ruling political structures on the most important issues of the structure of the country’s socio- political and economic system. These disagreements, among other things, led to a four-year war in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1995). After that, in the post-war period that is still taking place, in the conditions of establishing a complicated constitutional organization of the country, national and political arguments have continued, with which the process of social transition has significantly slowed down.</p> <p>All these transitionary changes of the Bosnian-Herzegovinian society that still exist have had and have a direct reflection on the status of archives, that is, the management of archives, as well as the development of archival activity as a whole. Until the war, the unique archival service (Archives of B&amp;H with its parent function and eight regional archives) was divided and organized according to the new administrative structure of the country (states, two entities, ten cantons and the Brčko District of B&amp;H). Existing archives found themselves in new status positions, under the jurisdiction of new founders, the supervising function of the Archive of B&amp;H was gone, new archives were formed and decentralization took on the characteristics of anarchy. This has slowed down to a considerable extent, and the development of the archival activity of Bosnia and Herzegovina continues to slow down. This paper points to the course and character of these changes and their reflection on archives and archival activities as a whole.</p> Azem Kožar ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/316 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time THE IMPORTANCE OF PERSONAL AND FAMILY DIGITAL ARCHIVES FOR A NEW PERCEPTION OF THE ARCHIVAL DISCIPLINE https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/317 <p>This paper aims to highlight how social transformation, in particular those introduced by the so-called digital revolution, have led to significant changes in the ways in which personal and family archives are managed and how this has produced a need for knowledge, skills and abilities in the archival domain – a real “archival need”, perhaps unconscious, perhaps not well identified but extremely concrete and urgent – which begins to be felt by everyone. This can be an extraordinary opportunity on the one hand to start a mass training plan on the topics of Personal Digital Archiving, on the other hand to bring everyone - even the “common” people – closer to the archival discipline and encourage the recognition of the profession of archivist. In this way the archival science would have the possibility to get out of the circumscribed ranks that have often characterized it and become a discipline recognized by all and with a well estabilished “social” dimension.</p> Stefano Allegrezza ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/317 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time ARCHIVAL SCIENCE/ARCHIVOLOGY AND AUDIO-VISUAL ARCHIVES OR AUDIO- VISUAL ARCHIVES AND ARCHIVAL SCIENCE/ARCHIVOLOGY https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/318 <p>The report describes the relationship between audio-visual archives and archival science or archivology. Author has described the prehistoric wishes of mankind in the rendering all visible things, even the moving images. But the retention of audio-visual materials was only facilitated by the advancement of technology at the end of the 19th and in the 20th centuries. Audio-visual archivology is an important part of archival science/ archivology. Differences between classical and audio-visual archives will be significantly reduced in the future due to archiving of born digital materials.</p> Aleksander Lavrenčič ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/318 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time CHALLENGING THE ARCHIVAL ARRANGEMENT https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/319 <p>Archival arrangement is one of the main activities in archival processing. It is assumed it is based on common understandings and principles. However, there are archival practices that does not fully comply with these principles and understandings, and yet the archives still exist and users are still using the records. Consequently, it may be questioned if the archival principles are not cultural-conditioned and in what circumstances archival arrangement, as presented in international professional literature, can add value to archival processing. The work implied should balance the practical reality of resources and needs of the stakeholders. The modern technologies bring a transformation of archival arrangement, converting it from physical to virtual by reducing the relevance physical location of a record on shelves in favour of a logical property of records.</p> Bogdan-Florin Popovici ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/319 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time ARCHIVES AND THE SOCIETY https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/320 <p>The relationships between archives, archival science and society are necessary, essential and genetic. In fact, the archives, considered as an expression of the society itself and its public institutions as well as its private entities, have always been linked by a strong bond with the society and its evolution. The intent of this brief reflection will be to focus on the interactions between the world of archives and the overall social reality that contribute to define the strategies of action as well as the cultures and the way of thinking and representing themselves of the institutions and professions operating within that world.</p> Grazia Tatò ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/320 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time THE ROLE OF SOCIAL COMMUNICATION IN MODERN ARCHIVE MANAGEMENT. AN ATTEMPT AT OUTLINING THE ARCHIVE–RESEARCHER–COLLECTIVE DYNAMIC IN THE CONTEXT OF THE INTERDEPENDENCE BETWEEN HISTORY AND MYTH https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/321 <p>It is self-evident that the management of various types of archives is impacted considerably by social communication. This in turn is no doubt necessitated by the various social changes increasingly prevalent in developing societies. Social communication has also a huge impact on the public perception of the archives and the understanding of their role in society, broadly defined.</p> <p>Therefore, in anticipation of the ongoing social changes, archives should act to influence not only their own maintenance but also their perception within society. Basing the theory of archive management on the idea of social communication can bring numerous benefits to the institution, its employees and resources. In consequence, a twofold interaction takes place: the archive reaches out to meet social needs, while cultural and educational entities have the opportunity to use archival resources in their initiatives addressed to local communities.</p> <p>Today, such cooperation is quite popular, widely undertaken and certainly well known. Many authors have devoted numerous studies to it, however a slightly different aspect of potential communication between archive and community would benefit from more attention. Namely, the role that archives could play in the shaping of social historical consciousness, also regarding the interplay of history and myth. The above-mentioned interaction is often conducted through an intermediary – a researcher, most commonly an historian, but it may be worth exploring the potential of the archives themselves for this kind of interactions.</p> Magdalena Marosz ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/321 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time SOCIO-CULTURAL MISSION OF THE ARCHIVES AND NEW STRATEGIES FOR ARCHIVAL MANAGEMENT https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/322 <p>The article is devoted to analysis of the socio-cultural mission of archives and their roles in society’s development, in preserving documentary evidences, collective and individual memory, cultural and history heritage. It is investigated some aspects of interactions between the archives and the authorities, individuals and society; it is also characterized the role that memory and social studies, as well as information technologies play in the formation of the current image of archives.</p> <p>Among the current challenges for archives and archival management it has been pointed out the development of a new archival strategy and strategic thinking in a world that is constantly changing; need to provide authenticity of records and their keeping in the digital age; development of a new model for communication between archives and users that satisfy new social requirements.</p> <p>It is outlined, that technological and social changes bring a new look at the archives and the profession of archivist. Special attention is paid to the problem of access to information and creation the new opportunities for interaction between the archives and society through the Internet web-sites and social media.</p> Maryna Paliienko ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/322 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time NEW CHALLENGES FOR THE PRINCIPLE OF PROVENANCE IN THE DIGITAL WORLD? https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/323 <p>Provenance has been accepted and adopted by most archives, as it allows research and interpre-tation of data in their genuine context of origin. However new types of interconnected data ma-nagement systems used in science, administration and by government agencies can transcend the principle of provenance both vertically and horizontally. Digital data pertaining to certain issues may be generated by several agencies and/or on different levels while being combined in a certain data management system. Archival science has to repsond to this new challenge.</p> Markus Schmalzl ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/323 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time PROJECT E-ARH.SI 2016 - 2020: SOLUTIONS FOR VULNERABLE GROUPS https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/324 <p>The inspiration and motivation for the development of e-ARH.si in the period 2016 - 2020 is the vision that all interested users will be able to access from any place the best electronic solutions in order to preserve and use electronic archival records. Access to electronic archival records is also one of the priority strategic goals of the development of e-ARH.si for the period 2016 - 2020 and at the same time represents the implementation of various regulations that also require Slovenian public archives to provide access to their services to vulnerable groups (Hajtnik, 2018 , pp.91-101). The author presents some solutions for the realization of this vision, which will enable access to electronic archival records for vulnerable groups (persons with disabilities) and particularly emphasizes the adaptations of film archives and documents.</p> Mojca Kosi ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/324 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time CREATION OF THE E-ARCHIVE IN KAZAKHSTAN https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/325 <p>The article describes the current state and the main directions of Kazakhstan’s archives development in “digital state” formation conditions. The problems of ensuring the longterm storage of electronic documents and databases with the subsequent possibility of their management, including through the use of BigData technologies, are considered. A description of a project being implemented in Kazakhstan to create a “Unified Electronic Archive of Documents” is given.</p> Aliya Mustafina ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.almamater.si/index.php/Atlanti/article/view/325 Mon, 21 Oct 2019 00:00:00 Central Europe Daylight Time